Manejo de la osteoporosis en la edad posmenopáusica
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Franken Morales SS, Garcia Orrego AM, Valenzuela Barrantes L. Manejo de la osteoporosis en la edad posmenopáusica . Rev.méd.sinerg. [Internet]. 1 de noviembre de 2021 [citado 27 de noviembre de 2021];6(11):e718. Disponible en: https://revistamedicasinergia.com/index.php/rms/article/view/718

Resumen

La osteoporosis es una enfermedad caracterizada por un aumento en el recambio óseo y disminución de la masa ósea asociada a fragilidad esquelética, lo que aumenta el riesgo de caídas y fracturas. Inherente a su presentación, la osteoporosis es asintomática hasta que ocurren las fracturas. Actualmente existe una variedad de medicamentos que pueden ser utilizados en la osteoporosis por lo que es importante conocer cada uno de ellos e individualizar cada paciente para saber cuándo y a quiénes brindar terapia farmacológica. Los más utilizados son los inhibidores de la resorción ósea, los agentes anabólicos, la calcitonina, los moduladores selectivos del receptor de estrógeno y el Denosumab. El desafío en cuanto a esta patología es lograr captar mujeres con alto riesgo para así establecer una terapia de forma temprana con el objetivo de prevenir fracturas.

https://doi.org/10.31434/rms.v6i11.718

Palabras clave

osteoporosis. densidad mineral ósea. posmenopausia. bifosfonatos.
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Citas

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