Actualización en dermatitis atópica

líneas de tratamiento

Palabras clave: alérgenos, dermatitis, eccema, prurito

Resumen

La dermatitis atópica es la dermatosis inflamatoria más frecuente, con un pico de prevalencia en la niñez temprana y con mayor porcentaje de afectación en países industrializados. Entre las principales características de este trastorno crónico y/o recidivante se destacan, el prurito, la dermatitis eccematosa, el compromiso facial y de regiones extensoras en la niñez temprana, mientras que el eccema y liquenificación en pliegues es más usual en niños y adultos. En los últimos años ha habido un avance en el conocimiento de la patogenia, centrada en la vía Th2, pero con una participación significativa de la vía Th22 y de los ejes Th1 y Th17, de la disfunción de la barrera epidérmica, el prurito y la señalización JAK/STAT, este progreso ha condicionado innovaciones en los tratamientos tópicos y sistémicos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Dra. Silvia López Vargas, Investigadora independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médica general, graduada de la Universidad Latina de Costa Rica (U.Latina), cod. MED15602. Correo: dralopez15602@gmail.com

Dra. Erika Núñez Picado, Investigadora independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médica general, graduada de la Universidad de Ciencias Medicas (UCIMED), cod. MED15313. Correo: eka91@me.com

Dra. Génesis Chaverri Padilla, Investigadora independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médica general, graduada de la Universidad de Ciencias Medicas (UCIMED), cod.MED15236. Correo: genesisc10@gmail.com

Citas

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Publicado
2020-11-01
Cómo citar
1.
López Vargas S, Núñez Picado E, Chaverri Padilla G. Actualización en dermatitis atópica. Rev.méd.sinerg. [Internet]. 1 de noviembre de 2020 [citado 4 de diciembre de 2020];5(11):e596. Disponible en: https://revistamedicasinergia.com/index.php/rms/article/view/596
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