Tumor de Klatskin en el adulto

Palabras clave: colangiocarcinoma, neoplasia de vía biliar, tumor de Klatskin, colestasis, colangitis

Resumen

El colangiocarcinoma hiliar, comúnmente conocido como tumor de Klatskin, es una neoplasia poco frecuente. Su etiopatogenia no es completamente conocida, pero se encuentra una fuerte asociación entre la inflamación crónica de la vía biliar, la colestasis y el desarrollo de colangiocarcinoma. Los principales factores de riesgo son la colangitis esclerosante primaria, las enfermedades fibroquísticas del hígado, infecciones hepáticas, hepatolitiasis, drogas y toxinas. Este tumor se caracteriza por presentar un cuadro clínico asintomático hasta estadíos avanzados. Su diagnóstico se realiza por medio de laboratorios e imagenología. El tratamiento se basa principalmente en cirugía, ya que no hay beneficios terapéuticos demostrados con el uso de radiación y/o quimioterapia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Dr. Andrey González Chavarría, Investigador independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médico General graduado de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED). Cod MED16116andreygonzalezchavarria@gmail.com

Dra. Silvana Rivera Fumero, Investigadora independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médica general graduada de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED). cod MED 16072. Correo: srfumero7@gmail.com

Dra. Constanza Chacón González, Investigadora independiente, San José, Costa Rica

Médica general graduada de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas (UCIMED). cod MED 16090constanzachacong@gmail.com

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Publicado
2020-08-01
Cómo citar
1.
González Chavarría A, Rivera Fumero S, Chacón González C. Tumor de Klatskin en el adulto. Rev.méd.sinerg. [Internet]. 1 de agosto de 2020 [citado 4 de agosto de 2020];5(8):e553. Disponible en: https://revistamedicasinergia.com/index.php/rms/article/view/553
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