La importancia de Pelagra en el diagnóstico diferencial

Palabras clave: niacina, pelagra, avitaminosis, dermatitis, alcoholismo

Resumen

Pelagra es el nombre que se le ha dado a la condición poco conocida, resultado del déficit de vitamina B3 o niacina, una enfermedad potencialmente mortal la cual es caracterizada por una triada clásica de diarrea, dermatitis y delirio, que está asociada a factores de riesgo como desnutrición, pobreza, ingesta de ciertos medicamentos, alteraciones metabólicas entre otros. Pelagra es una enfermedad de diagnóstico clínico que difícilmente se considera en los diagnósticos diferenciales de pacientes que consultan en servicios de emergencias o que se encuentran internados en salones de hospitales y es de suma importancia debido a la mortalidad que conlleva un diagnóstico tardío.

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Biografía del autor/a

Sebastián Rojas Chaves, Dra, Clínica Dr. Marcial Fallas Díaz, San José, Costa Rica

Médico general, graduado de la Universidad Autónoma de Centroamérica (UACA). Código médico: 13837. Corrreo: drtansebas@gmail.com

María Fabiola Cárdenas Quirós, Dra, Emergencias Médicas Monteverde, Puntarenas, Costa Rica

Médico general, graduada de la Universidad Autónoma de Centroamérica (UACA). Código médico: 14496. Corrreo: dramfcq@gmail.com

Citas

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Publicado
2019-05-01
Cómo citar
1.
Rojas Chaves S, Cárdenas Quirós MF. La importancia de Pelagra en el diagnóstico diferencial. Rev.méd.sinerg. [Internet]. 1 de mayo de 2019 [citado 18 de julio de 2019];4(5):111 -6. Disponible en: https://revistamedicasinergia.com/index.php/rms/article/view/226
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