Causas poco frecuentes de amenorrea debida a hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico
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Castro Fernández M, Gamboa Miranda S, Guevara Sigarán MF. Causas poco frecuentes de amenorrea debida a hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico. Rev.méd.sinerg. [Internet]. 1 de abril de 2023 [citado 20 de julio de 2024];8(4):e1022. Disponible en: https://revistamedicasinergia.com/index.php/rms/article/view/1022

Resumen

El hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico es un síndrome clínico de diversas etiologías congénitas o adquiridas, las cuales pueden o no causar amenorrea, ya sea primaria o secundaria, entre otros trastornos de la pubertad. La clasificación del hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico abarca múltiples patologías que tienen en común una anormalidad en el eje hipotálamo-hipofisario que lleva a una poca o nula estimulación ovárica.

Entre las causas congénitas poco comunes se encuentran el síndrome de Kallman, las causas idiopáticas de las cuales se han ido reconociendo mutaciones puntuales como la del CHD7, las mutaciones en la subunidad beta de la hormona foliculoestimulante y la hormona luteinizante; y del receptor de la hormona liberadora de gonadotropina. Respecto a las causas adquiridas poco comunes de amenorrea por hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico se encuentran la seudociesis, la hipofisitis linfocítica periparto, la enfermedad hepática crónica no alcohólica y la enfermedad renal crónica.

https://doi.org/10.31434/rms.v8i4.1022

Palabras clave

amenorrea. hipogonadismo hipogonadotrópico. síndrome de Kallmann. seudociesis. hipofisitis linfocítica.
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